Descriptive research is conducted to describe the subject through observation or collecting data from other methods without influencing it in any conditions. This type of study is generally conducted to assess the opinions, behaviors, or characteristics of a given population and to describe the situation and event occurring at present. It does not necessarily seek to explain relationships, test hypothesis, make a prediction, or get meanings and implications of a study. It is used when there is less possibility to test and measure the large samples containing mostly quantitative data. The research answer what, how, when and so on but does not answer the question of why.
why Descriptive Research ?
The main aim of descriptive research design is to describe the linkage of variables used in research questions. Since, the researcher does not have enough theory about the subject matter not a full structural methodology is developed. But methodology in this research design is more rigorous than exploratory research design. The methodology used is not comprehensive but research need well planned research design .
Descriptive Research Design
The research design is qualitative research design in general but these days mix methods using triangulation is adopted to reduce the question of validity and reliability. While designing the research, researcher at first select the research problem and define clear general and specific objectives. The objectives consider SMART for the successful research design. After setting the objectives the researcher selects the methodology used in research. It is selected by carefully studying literature reviews, considering advice from different reliable source and knowledge of researcher. After methodology is selected researcher select techniques and tools of data collection. Selection of tools of data analysis is done for the analysis of data, drawing finding and conclusion. Researcher consider format of report writing in the last stage of research design.