Explanatory research focus on that area where there are surface investigation can obtain from previous studies. Researcher get some surface information about subject matter. It stimulate him/her to conduct systematic investigation about subject matter for deeper understanding about investing phenomena. for instant, researcher may use keynes absolute income hypothesis for investigating the determining factors of consumption of people. It focuses on the question of “why” by explaining detail about subject matter from empiricism. It begins with general questions of subject matter by using operational definition and use tools to collect and analysis data in detail for explanation.
Why Explanatory Research?
It does not provide conclusive evidence but focus on deep understanding of subject matter. It deals with searching of major as well as minor information need to explain and better understanding of the research problem. Primary purpose of the research is to explain why events occur by testing theory or hypothesis, elaborate the concept using interlink variables.
Explanatory Research Design
Generally , explanatory research design follow quatqual research try to verify hypothesis or theory to be tested. Research design is developed in such a way that there are possibilities to inject tools or theory if researcher found suitable to explain the subject matter during later stage.
After problem is identified and objectives is set, research develop hypothesis using operational definition. Literature review, experience, export advice and so on are vital for formulating hypotheses and operational definition. Research design is developed after reviewing literature considering universe and sampling process, tools and techniques of data collection and analysis. Detailed planning of techniques and tools of data collects are developed at the time of research planning. Researchers consider probability of change in tools if s/he feels that it is essential to collect additional supportive data related to subject matter to explain in detail but it is not always the case. Researchers also consider format of research while planning research.