It is one of the important methods of qualitative data analysis and mostly use story or narrative. The stories are the occurrence of events of respondents and respondents express their experience in the form of study. Researchers use open-ended questions, individual interviews, group discussions, observations as a data source of narrative analysis. In narrative analysis researchers study narratives very closely and look for themes, variables, causes and contexts in them.
Normally in narrative analysis researchers identify and analyze the wealth of rationales, practices and values of narrative inquiry of understanding. Study is the fundamental way to view than how respondents view the real world and what was their experience? Researchers carefully read the narrative and code them. Memos are developed from codes derived from story and researcher summarized the story from memos. Research may use thematic analysis process for effective handling of memos. Carefully analysis of stories and contents helps to understand the meaning of key events and their interconnections.
Nueman (2013) argue that narrative analysis is “a method for analyzing data and providing explanations, takes several forms”. Similarly, according to Bryman (2008), is an approach to the elicitation and analysis of data that is sensitive to the sense of temporal sequence that people, as tellers of stories about their lives or events around them, detect in their lives and surrounding episodes and inject into their account.
One of the general understanding of narrative analysis is to collective narrative from the respondent, review the collected narrative or studies carefully for coding and development of memos. Researchers checked memos and connections are established and data is reduced. In later stage finding is derived for drawing conclusions. But researcher use following procedures for effective use of thematic analysis in research:
Recording, and Translating:
The first step that researchers follow is to record the qualitative data in must suitable form. The data in the form of story or narrative. Audio records, video records and visual records are the most common forms of record. The recorded data are translating into text format. While translating the record researcher must carefully view the record in order to reduce the loss of data.
Exploring and Identifying Coding
After translating the record, the next step is to carefully review for coding. It is the collection of important facts that researchers feel as categories. Researchers explore the possible codes from the story. Research combines some code in a meaningful way.
Developments of memos
Researchers derived memos by carefully reviewing the codes. It is the most difficult job of a researcher because there is no fixed rule as well as need well knowledge to explore. Memos are developed by connecting the codes.
Comparing and exploring
After identifying the memos, researchers compare the memos and further reduce the data. Researchers check the memos and further reduce by deducting similar codes and memos.
After developing the relationship between different memos/themes researchers write up what s/he derived from the data. It is an essential component for drawing conclusions. It is used for developing theory or hypothesis or drawing conclusions.